Review of 587 patients found following side effects:
Gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity – 10% reported anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, 2.5 % stopped drug due to these side effects and the others had mild cases, doses >25 mg/week were more toxic to GI tract with stomatitis reported in 6% and occurred within 1-5 days after drug administration
Skin – Side effects may develop in low doses with most common reactions: hyperpigmentation, urticaria, and reactivation of ultraviolet light induced erythema Alopecia has been reported, thinning of hair occurred in 1% of the cases in this review
Renal – rare in low doses used in rheumatoid arthritis
Hematologic – 3% developed a reaction in this review: leucopenia(low white blood cell count) was most common, anemia and thrombocytopenia less common
Reproductive: Male – has little and no lasting effect on slowly dividing spermatogonal stem cell population. Men previously treated with high doses have produced normal offspring.
Reproductive: Female – Two studies showed no effect on fertility or ovarian function and no congenital defects noted in women previously treated with high doses
Teratogenesis – birth defects noted if administered early in pregnanacy
Malignancy – No evidence noted that it causes cancer
Pulmonary – hypersensitivity reaction has been noted with symptoms of cough, fever, and dyspnea
Miscellaneous toxicity – headache, dizziness shortly after drug administration and resolve in a few days
Click here to listen to
Uveitis and Steroid-Sparing Therapy
Presented by C. Stephen Foster, MD, FACS, FACR
Audio-Digest Ophthalmology Volume 56, Issue 15
This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here.